Mahatma Gandhi was an iconic figure in the history of India who led the country through its independence from the British. Born in Porbandar, India, in 1869, he was an inspirational leader who is known for his non-violent approach to civil disobedience. Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and civil disobedience inspired many people around the world to fight for justice and equality. He was also a major advocate of human rights and religious tolerance. He is considered one of the greatest men of the 20th century and is often referred to as the “Father of India”. His life and teachings have influenced many people, and his legacy lives on today.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. Karamchand Gandhi was his father, and Putlibai Gandhi was his mother. He went to the Inner Temple in London to study law. In the early 1900s, he began his activism as an Indian immigrant in South Africa. He was also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and was affectionately called Mahatma, which means “great soul.”
|Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Birthdate||October 2, 1869|
|Birthplace||Porbandar, Gujarat, India|
|Deathdate||January 30, 1948|
|Parents||Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putlibai|
|Children||Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, and Devdas Gandhi|
|Education||Studied law at the Inner Temple, London|
|Occupation||Lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, political ethicist|
|Notable Accomplishments||Led the successful campaign for India’s independence from British rule; inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world|
|Philosophy||Satyagraha, or nonviolent resistance|
|Honorific||Mahatma, meaning “Great Soul”|
Read in Hindi: Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi
Mahatma Gandhi Family
Gandhi came from a middle-class Hindu family and was trained as a lawyer in London. He initially practiced law in South Africa, where he experienced racial discrimination and injustice against the Indian community. These experiences shaped his views on social justice and equality, igniting his passion for fighting against oppression.
Mahatma Gandhi Childhood and Education
Gandhi grew up in a devout Hindu family, and his mother’s teachings on tolerance, vegetarianism, and nonviolence had a significant impact on him. Following his education in law in London, Gandhi moved to South Africa, where he encountered racial discrimination against Indians. This experience sparked his activism and shaped his principles of satyagraha, or nonviolent resistance.
Mahatma Gandhi Career from 1915 to 1942
Upon his return to India in 1915, Gandhi became involved in the Indian National Congress and dedicated himself to fighting for equality and independence. He advocated for the rights of peasants and farmers, promoted religious unity, and fought against social injustices such as the caste system. Gandhi firmly believed in the power of nonviolence to bring about change and led several successful nonviolent campaigns against British rule.
Mahatma Gandhi Salt Movement
One of Gandhi’s most impactful campaigns was the Salt March in 1930. Together with thousands of followers, he walked over 240 miles to the Arabian Sea to protest against the British monopoly on salt production. This peaceful act of civil disobedience garnered international attention and furthered the cause of Indian independence.
Mahatma Gandhi Khadi and Cottage Industries
Gandhi’s commitment to self-sufficiency and his promotion of khadi, a hand-spun and hand-woven fabric, became symbols of Indian independence and economic empowerment. He led by example, living simply and practicing what he preached.
Despite being imprisoned multiple times, Gandhi remained steadfast in his principles and continued to advocate for peace, equality, and justice. Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist who disagreed with Gandhi’s inclusive views, tragically ended his life by assassinating him on January 30, 1948.
Mahatma Gandhi On Non-violence
His legacy continues to inspire many people. His philosophy of nonviolence has been adopted by many civil rights leaders and movements. His methods influenced figures like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela, who also sought freedom, equality, and social change through peaceful means.
Mahatma Gandhi’s unwavering commitment to nonviolence, his emphasis on human rights, and his vision of an inclusive and harmonious society make him an iconic figure in India’s fight for independence and a symbol of peace and justice worldwide.
Mahatma Gandhi Death Date And Place
Gandhi died in Delhi on January 30, 1948. October 2 is observed as a national holiday each year to honor his contributions to India. However Gandhi’s legacy and teachings continue to inspire people around the world to strive for truth justice and peace. His birthday October 2nd is now celebrated as the International Day of Nonviolence by the United Nations. Mahatma Gandhi’s life and principles remain an enduring source of inspiration for generations to come.