Swami Vivekananda Biography In English: He was Sri Ramakrishna’s most devoted follower and a global ambassador for Vedanta. Swami Vivekananda’s complete works include his lectures, correspondence, and poetry. Swamiji, as Vivekananda is lovingly called, thought that universal ideas, rather than persons, should be taught. As a result, his teaching and writing are centered on Vedanta philosophy rather than Sri Ramakrishna. For more details about his life and career, read this post until the end.
Swami Vivekananda Biography In English
Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902), born Narendranath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk, philosopher, writer, and religious teacher who lived from January 12, 1863, to July 4, 1902. He was also the most prominent student of Ramakrishna. Swami Vivekananda is recognized for fostering interfaith understanding and bringing Hinduism to the status of a major global religion. Swami Vivekananda was a key figure in bringing Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world.
After delivering his well-known lecture at the 1893 Parliament of Religions in Chicago and introducing Hinduism to Americans with the words “Sisters and brothers of America,” Vivekananda rose to prominence. Swami Vivekananda made such an impression on the Parliament that he was dubbed “an orator by divine right and unquestionably the greatest figure at the Parliament” by an American newspaper.
Vivekananda continued to preach the core concepts of Hindu philosophy after his victory at the Parliament by giving hundreds of talks across the United States, England, and Europe. Swami Vivekananda also established the Vedanta Societies of New York and San Francisco (later renamed the Vedanta Society of Northern California), which served as the foundations for Vedanta Societies in the West.
|Birth||January 12, 1863|
|Birth name||Narendranath Datta|
|Parents||Vishwanath Datta and Bhuvaneswari Devi|
|Education||Presidency College, Kolkata|
|Religious guru||Sri Ramakrishna|
|Monastic name||Swami Vivekananda|
|Founding of Ramakrishna Mission||1897|
|Death||July 4, 1902|
Swami Vivekananda Jayanti
Swami Vivekananda Jayanti is celebrated every year to commemorate the birth of one of India’s greatest teachers. He was born on 12 January 1863. Swami Vivekananda became a “sanyasi” or monk after following Swami Ramkrishna Paramhansa. Swami Vivekananda’s birthday is also recognised as National young Day due to the renowned teacher’s confidence in the nation’s young.
Swami Vivekananda Early Life
- Swami Vivekananda was born as Narendranath Datta into a Bengali family on January 12, 1863, during the Makar Sankranti holiday, in his ancestral residence at 3 Gourmohan Mukherjee Street in Calcutta, the capital of British India.
- Swami Vivekananda was born into a traditional home as one of nine siblings.
- His father, Vishwanath Datta, was a lawyer in the Calcutta High Court. Durgacharan Datta, Narendra’s grandpa, abandoned his family at the age of 25 to become a monk.
- Swami Vivekananda’s mother, Bhubaneswari Devi, was a devout homemaker.
- Narendra’s father had a progressive, rational viewpoint, while his mother was pious, both of which shaped his way of thinking and personality.
Swami Vivekananda Education
- At the age of eight, Swami Vivekananda joined the Metropolitan Institution of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, where he attended school until his family moved to Raipur in 1877.
- Swami Vivekananda was the only student to obtain first class marks in the Presidency College entrance examination in 1879, after his family moved to Calcutta.
- At the Mahasabha’s institution, Swami Vivekananda studied Western logic, Western philosophy, and European history (now known as the Scottish Church College).
- Swami Vivekananda passed the Fine Arts examination in 1881 and in 1884 he obtained the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The writers Narendra examined included David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Baruch Spinoza, George W.F. Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Auguste Comte, John Stuart Mill, and Charles Darwin.
Following Ramakrishna’s death, his followers and admirers stopped assisting them. Narendra and the other students were forced to relocate due to unpaid rent. When they returned home, many of them embraced a Grihastha (family-oriented) style of life. To lodge the remaining followers, Narendra decided to convert a run-down house in Baranagar into a new maths (monastery). The rent at the Baranagar Maths was low and was raised by ‘holy begging’. The Ramakrishna Math was changed into its first edifice, a monastery for the Ramakrishna monastic order. Every day, Narendra and his disciples would spend many hours fasting and meditating. Narendra later remarked on the monastery’s early days.
Swami Vivekananda Death Date
- On July 4, 1902, Swami Vivekananda got up early, traveled to the monastery at Belur Math and engaged in a three-hour meditation session.
- Swami Vivekananda lectured students on the Shukla-Yajur-Veda, Sanskrit grammar and yoga philosophy, before meeting with colleagues to propose a future Vedic college at the Ramakrishna Math.
- He went to his room at 7:00 pm. and asked that no one disturb him; He passed away at 9:20 pm. During meditating.
- According to his followers, Swami Vivekananda experienced Mahasamadhi; A ruptured blood vessel in his brain was cited as the probable cause of death.
- The followers of Swami Vivekananda say that this crack was caused by the piercing of his Brahmarandhra during Mahasamadhi.